What a Boris Johnson led Conservative government means for your money
The Conservative Party under Boris Johnson has won a sizeable majority – the biggest since Labour in 2005 – here’s what it means for your money.
The Moneywise Team
Fri, 12/13/2019 – 08:39
The country has woken up this morning to a strong Conservative party majority. But what will this mean for our finances? We look at the main Conservative policies and how they could play out over the next few years.
The Conservative Party has said it will not raise the rate of income tax, VAT or national insurance if it wins the election. From next year the party says it will increase the national insurance threshold to £9,500 next year from £8,424. This could mean a saving of around £100 a year for 31 million workers.
It says its “ultimate ambition” is to ensure that the first £12,500 people earn is completely tax free.
Boris Johnson has ditched planned income tax cuts of £8 billion for Britain’s highest earners. He had previously pledged during the Conservative leadership campaign to move the point at which someone becomes a higher rate taxpayer from £50,000 to £80,000.
Inheritance tax breaks are likely here to stay for the foreseeable future. Labour had pledged to reverse the cuts brought in under previous Conservative governments that allow couples to pass on a family home up to the value of £1million.
The Conservative government has pledged to keep the state pension triple lock. This guarantees that the state pension increases every year by the highest of inflation, 2.5% or wage growth.
It has also promised to keep winter fuel payments for pensioners, the older person’s bus pass and other pensioner benefits.
The triple lock was introduced by the Conservative / Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010, and over the years has become increasingly expensive.
It means that from April next year, the state pension will rise by a guaranteed 3.9% or £343 a year.
The Conservatives have also pledged to review the pension tax of low paid workers.
Those who earn between £10,000 and £12,500 – mainly women – have been missing out on pension tax relief depending how their employer has set up their pension scheme.
No mention was made about pension age changes was made, suggesting the current timetable to raise the state pension age will go ahead as planned.
The Conservative Party has made no promises to help so-called Waspi women born in the 1950s who have been hit by the changes to the state pension age.
Therefore, nothing is likely to change for them under a Conservative government.
Nearly four million women have been affected by the government’s decision to raise the state pension age from 60 to 66.
Campaign groups such as BackTo60 and Women Against State Pension Inequality (Waspi) argue that many women born in the 1950s were not sufficiently warned of the changes and have suffered financial hardship as a result.
Labour had promised to pay back £58billion to these women, with individual payouts as high as £31,300.
Capital gains tax
The Conservative government had not made any pledges to change capital gains tax. Had Labour formed a government, it had promised to increased tax paid on both capital gains and dividends payments.
Despite the current crisis in social care, the Conservative manifesto did not provide any concrete proposals. However Johnson pledged to ‘tackle’ the issue, although without any detail how, when he became Prime Minister.
The party says it will provide £1 billion of extra funding a year for social care, as well as a commitment to seek cross-party consensus for long-term reform. It also promised to introduce a system which means no one will have to sell their home to fund long-term care, but details of this were vague.
However, now with a strong majority, a Conservative government will have greater power to push through reforms to create a social care system that is fit for purpose.
The Conservative Party says it will bring forward a social housing white paper to “set out further measures to empower tenants and support the continued supply of social homes”.
The manifesto also announced a pledge to introduce “lifetime mortgages”. These are mortgages that have a fixed rate for the entire duration of the repayment period. The idea behind it is it is a lower risk for providers to offer a whole-life fixed product, allowing them to offer smaller deposit sizes of around 5% to first-time buyers that it would otherwise be difficult to lend to.
The Tories have also committed to a “First Home” program. This is a scheme whereby people buying homes for the first time in their local area will be offered a house at a 30% discount.
For renters, the party has offered a “Lifetime Rental Deposit” scheme. This is an idea that means rental deposits can be transferred from one home to another with the tenant, instead of making a fresh deposit every time someone moves.
It will also commit to renewing the Affordable Homes Programme, in order to support the delivery of hundreds of thousands of affordable homes.
The Conservative Party says it will establish a new £1 billion fund to help create more high quality, affordable childcare, including before and after school and during the school holidays.